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CHAPTER XXXVII - Testimonials - Part D

* J. VICTOR KULP - Fireman, Berks Co., Pa. Above knee.

It is now a year since I purchased my leg from you and I feel it is my duty to let you know just how I am getting along. I lost my leg while firing on a locomotive for the Phila. & Reading R. R. It was amputated about six inches above the knee. I am working every day on the P. & R. R. R., twelve hours a day, doing operating and throwing switches, so you see I don’t have much time to myself. If I were not so active on my feet I could never hold this position.

The leg is working to perfection and I am glad I took your advice and got a leg without an ankle joint, as I have seen legs made with cords and they were regular rattle boxes. I know a man who wears a cord foot and he tells me that he keeps an extra set with him all the time in case he breaks down. I can walk almost as natural as I could before I lost my leg. One not knowing of my loss could not tell the difference. June 18, 1904.

GEO. W. KUTCH - Boatman, Schuylkill Co., Pa. Below knee.

I am wearing your make of artificial limbs since 1886. I am what is commonly called a waterman, and work upon a barge. Your leg gives entire satisfaction. It gets damp, occasionally wet, but no ill effects result. I can perform my work as well as those who have their two natural legs. In winter time the barges are often covered with ice, which makes walking very uncertain, but I can get around as well as most who have their natural legs.

May 17, 1904.

* PETER KUTCHERA - Marathon Co., Wis. Below elbow.

The artificial arm I got from you some time ago has far surpassed my expectations. The rubber hand is certainly a good invention. I can carry a grip or bundle with it, I can also close and open my latch door. My right arm being amputated two inches below the elbow. I had no idea that I would have any control of the artificial arm. May 16, 1904.

* WALTER LACY - England. Above knee.

I have now worn your leg for thirteen years, and am very glad to say I am quite satisfied with it. I was fitted from measurements. The point of amputation is about two inches above the left knee.

I am glad to be able to say the cost of repairing the limbs made by you is so little that I could not attempt to reckon it up.

* E. L. LAIRD - Crawford Co., Kan. Daughter age 6. Above knee.

It is with pleasure I inform you that the limb purchased for my daughter is giving the best of satisfaction, far better than I supposed it were possible considering the location of the amputation, her stump is a very short one above the knee. I heartily recommend your work. June 23, 1904.

* HARRY M. LAIRD - Drug Clerk, Monmouth Co., N. J.

I have given the limb you sent me a thorough trial. I can say that I am well pleased with it. It seems to be what I want. Last week I walked half a mile and was no worse for it. I want to thank you for the satisfaction you gave me. You may use my name as reference. November 1, 1904.

* RODOLFO LAMBEA - Farmer, Cuba. Below knee.

I am well pleased with the artificial limb you sent me. I am working on a farm and use your artificial leg to great advantage. I thank you for what you have done for me. - Translated from Spanish. May 10, 1904.

* THOMAS LANGTON - Herbalist, England. Above knee.

I have received the leg you made for me and having now worn it for the last three weeks, I have much pleasure and satisfaction in testifying to its qualities, which are in every particular as good as one could wish. It is comfortable, light, strong and safe, the finish and mechanism are a great improvement on those I have previously worn. I desire also to express my gratitude to you for your patience, persistence, and unfailing courtesy in bringing about this most gratifying result. Shall recommend your firm whenever possible. Aug. 8, 1904.

* R. M. LANIER - Tax Collector, Ware Co., Ga. Below knee.

About twenty years since I lost my right leg just below the knee, and since that time I have used three of your artificial limbs, only recently having purchased a new one. I have always found them to be comfortable and durable in my work. I am Tax Collector of Ware County, Ga., which occupation carries with it considerable walking, and I get around with all ease and comfort. I don’t think your class of work is surpassed by any. May 4, 1904.

* MRS. MARY LANO - Todd Co., Minn. Below knee.

I have worn one of your artificial limbs for the last nine years, the first one I had worn seven years, the second I got two years ago, both made from measurements. I am well pleased with them. I am sixty-one years old, and can do all my housework. May 14, 1904.

* EDWARD W. LASLEY - Laborer, Antrim Co., Mich. Below elbow.

I lost my arm below the elbow last October. I had one of your artificial hands made by measurements, and have worn it every day since. I am greatly pleased with it. It fits perfectly, and with the glove on one could not tell it from the natural hand. I do most anything with it. I can punch the bag, play pool, and box with it. I find it very useful, and I wouldn’t be without the hand for anything. May 30, 1904.

* DR. MARIUS LAURITZEN - Physician, Denmark. Above knee.

I am much obliged for the leg you sent me. I am wearing it now for two months, and it fits very well, and I can walk well with it, and without any trouble. - Translated from German. Jan. 8, 1905.

ALLEN ROBERT LAW, M. D. - Dane Co., Wis.

The pair of artificial legs I ordered of A. A. Marks about ten years ago for Jno. Nodolf are wearing well and give perfect satisfaction.

* BAPTISTE LEBOIX - Driver, France. Above knee.

After wearing your artificial leg with rubber foot for two years, I am pleased to recognize all the merits your make deserves. The leg is comfortable, and construction is simple. I have as yet had no need for repairs, and have subjected it to hard tests every day. - Translated from French. Nov. 23, 1904.

JOSE MARIA LEBRON - Porto Rico. Knee-bearing.

I see no reason why my name should not appear in your new treatise, since from 1882 until to-day I have used the same artificial leg without having sustained any deterioration in that time. Expressing to you my most sincere thanks for the good service that limb has given me, by which I work and earn my daily bread.

* MISS FLORENCE M. LEE - School Girl, Washington Co., R. I.

It is two years this month that you made for me the leg, and I am doing nicely with it; the former leg made by you was applied when I was four years old, and I wore it eight years. I work and walk every day. I have no trouble whatever with it, and have worn it all the time since you made it for me. May 14, 1904.

* PATRICK W. LEE - Trooper, New Zealand. Above knee.

I was a member of one of the New Zealand Contingents, in active service during the Boer War, and lost my right leg as a result of injuries received in the Western Transvaal. The amputation is about five inches above the knee. Acting on the advice of a clergyman, who is himself wearing one of your limbs, I obtained one, and have worn it every day since.

It is a wonderfully good substitute, and to a great extent removes the disability imposed by the loss of the natural limb. I am not engaged in any particular vocation at present, but do a lot of walking, and can get about with but little inconvenience. May 14, 1904.

WILLIAM LEES, M. D., C. S., L. S. A. - Chester, England.

The arm for Williamson has arrived safely and fits him perfectly. I am highly pleased with it, and intend to show this patient and his arm, and also Mr. Howson and his leg, at our Chester Medical Society. I consider them triumphs of mechanical art.

* ARCH. LEITCH - Farmer, Ontario. Below elbow.

I have found the artificial arm you made for me of great assistance, and would not be without it for considerable money. I am enabled to do almost all kinds of farm work, and engage in most all the sports at college. Dec. 11, 1904.

* H. E. LEWIS - Grocer, Washington Co., R. I. Below knee.

I have been using the artificial leg you made for me some years ago continuously, and am up and down a step-ladder a great deal, and feel perfectly safe. My weight, at the present time, is 214 pounds. I never use a cane, as I can walk better without it. Aug. 17, 1904.

CHAS. LIBENAU, M. D. - New York. Below knee.

After an experience of over twenty-two years in the use of your patent artificial leg with rubber foot, I desire to say that it has given me first-rate satisfaction. About eighteen years ago I was induced to purchase a leg of Mr. -------‘s make, with his wooden foot and ankle joint. After using it for nearly two years, with constant repairs, I abandoned it, and am now using yours again. That trial was enough for me; I want no more ankle-jointed wooden feet for me on an artificial leg, so long as yours are to be had, as my own experience proves their superiority.

LEWIS M. LINES - Railroad, Miffin Co., Pa. Partial foot.

I received my foot all right, and it suits me very well. Good-by. I am well pleased with your work, and also with you. May 17, 1904.

PETER L. LEE - Watchman, Worcester Co., Mass. Below knee.

Your leg is all that you claim for it, in fact, it is much more. I am night watchman in a large worsted and carpet mill, which requires my walking up several flights of stairs every night. I am twenty-five minutes on the go winding clocks. I also have two large boilers to take care of, and have to wheel fourteen to sixteen large wheelbarrows of clinkers and ashes every night up an incline two and a half feet in ten, which I do without trouble.

The artificial leg that I wore before I got yours gave me much trouble, and kept my stump sore and irritated nearly all the time. It compelled me to undergo a second amputation. May 3, 1904.

J. S. LINDLEY, M. D. - Indian Agency, I. T.

I deem it due to you to say that the artificial leg you furnished the Indian Department for Joe Chilchuana, the Apache Indian, gives the utmost satisfaction in every respect. The young man wears it with the greatest ease, satisfaction, and comfort, and is delighted with it. One who does not know that he is wearing an artificial limb would not detect it in his walk. You are to be congratulated upon the satisfaction your work gives.

* C. L. LINVILLE - Sawmill, Bridgeport, W. Va. Ankle.

I received my new artificial foot, it is all right. I have been working on a sawmill for four years. July 23, 1901.

* BERTRAM LITTLE - Clerk, Newfoundland. Above knee.

When I was nine years of age I had the misfortune to lose the use of my right leg. I ordered a leg of your make. Words cannot express the satisfaction it has given me.

I have worn it for two years continuously, and to-day I can walk five miles, which is wonderful, considering my leg is off above the knee joint, leaving me a stump of about six inches. May 8, 1904.

ENOS LINCOLN - Saline Co., Kansas. Above knee.

After having worn your artificial leg with rubber foot for more than thirty years, I have no hesitation in saying it is the best leg in use; it is simply the most durable of any of the many I have seen. The rubber foot with stiff ankle is unquestionably the best and softest leg made; it never drags at the toe from weight of mud. It is so simple a child can adjust it. I have worn artificial legs since 1862, and do all kinds of work. I am a blacksmith, and shoe horses. I have dug wells, and quarried stone, and other heavy work. I can walk farther in a given time than any man on any other kind of a leg, with the same length of stump as mine; it is only three inches from center of hip joint.

* ARCHIE LIVINGSTONE - Laborer, Cassia Co., Idaho.

I got my legs amputated in December, 1901, and received artificial ones from A. A. Marks, June, 1902. I have been wearing them ever since; they were made from measurements, and fit right. They have not bothered me at all. I am a rider, and can get on a horse quicker than many that have not lost their limbs. May 23, 1904.

JULIO LLUBERES - Conductor, Santo Domingo. Above knee.

A month after amputation I had an artificial leg applied at your establishment, and upon my arrival here I filled the position of conductor of a passenger and freight train for three months, and for the past year I have discharged the duties of the Station Agent at Bajabonico, 18 kilometers from Puerto Plata, both of which I have performed satisfactorily. I can put the leg on in two minutes. I walk a great deal, both for work and pleasure. I have got on the train when the locomotive was under very rapid headway. I can assure you that I am well satisfied with the leg, and believe it the best in the world. - Translated from Spanish. Oct. 12, 1904.

* FRANK LOCKE - Audrain Co., Mo. Below knee.

I get around on my artificial leg fine. I can go any place now. Thanking you very much for your excellent work. May 8, 1904.

* GIROLAMO LORENZONI - Lawyer, Italy. Above knee.

In September, 1895, after thirty years of suffering, I had my right leg amputated, above the knee, leaving a very short stump. I obtained an artificial leg made in Padua. I walked very badly with it, and was in despair, when fortunately one of my friends made me acquainted with your firm. In 1897 you furnished me with a magnificent artificial limb, which I have worn ever since. I am most contented with your system, especially the construction of the foot, which is unimprovable in every respect. - Translated from Italian. Feb. 2, 1905.

* MISS EMMA C. LOTT - Laundry, Goliad Co., Tex. Below knee.

I am well pleased with the artificial limb I purchased of you. It is apparently as good as when I first put it on. My occupation is washing and ironing. I find it durable, easy, soft, and comfortable to wear.

May 10, 1904.

* EBEN P. LOW - Hawaii. Below elbow.

I cannot give enough praise for the best material that you used in making my artificial hand, for it has stood the test well. I am a cattle rancher. My natural hand was badly lacerated by being fouled with a lariat while lassoing wild cattle on the mountains here. The loss of my arm does not in any way deter me in my business.

* J. A. LUKE - Terrebonne Co., La. Below elbow.

On March 5, 1904, I bought of you an artificial hand, for amputation below the elbow. Have worn it constantly since. On many occasions it has been mistaken for a natural hand. I am perfectly satisfied with it. Fits perfectly. May 9, 1904.

* THOMAS F. LUSH - School Teacher, Lycoming Co., Pa.

I am now wearing my second artificial leg, both made by you, and I can truly say that they have both been satisfactory in every respect. Your artificial limbs are a combination of lightness, durability, and strength, which makes them superior to any other artificial limb that I have ever seen. I wear a knee-bearing leg. The last one that I purchased from you I took my own measurements, which almost anyone can do by your system.

May 4, 1904.

* I. N. McCALLISTER - Stock Raiser, Greenwood Co., Kan. Ankle.

I have used one of your artificial legs for thirteen years, and am still using it. It has given me good service, and satisfaction, and I have done

* All testimonials marked with the asterisk were written by persons whose artificial limbs were made and fitted from measurements while they remained at home.

almost every kind of work, such as farming, handling stallions, jacks, and doing other rough work. The new limb is all right. I can cheerfully recommend your work. May 3, 1904.

* C. B. McCREERY - New London Co., Conn. Partial hand.

For two years I have worn an artificial hand made by your firm, and have been told by others with but one hand they wished theirs looked as good as mine, and I have been asked which was the artificial as I carry packages in both. May 5, 1904.

* J. N. McCUTCHEON - Court Clerk, Hamilton Co., Tenn.

I have been wearing one of your artificial limbs for about fifteen years. My leg was amputated about three inches above the knee. Your limb has given me perfect satisfaction. I am County Court Clerk for Hamilton Co., Tenn., and have a great deal of walking to do, I have no trouble in keeping up with anyone with two natural limbs. May 3, 1904.

* ALEX. McDONALD - Engineer, Nova Scotia. Below knee.

I am happy to say that I have worn one of your legs for the last four years, I feel convinced that no better can be made. I have frequently been in the company of people who never suspected that I was wearing an artificial leg. I attend my work every day, which is engine driving. I had my leg taken off five inches above the ankle joint. April 25, 1904.

* A. W. McEWAN - Secretary, South Africa. Above knee.

The artificial limb you so skillfully made for me, to accommodate an amputated thigh 2 1/8 inches from the crotch, has arrived here in good order, and after a fortnight’s wear, I am enabled to use the limb with the greatest of ease and comfort. I consider it a wonderful arrangement in every particular, especially noting the easy, noiseless, and reliable knee mechanism, and the delightful natural suppleness of the rubber foot, which gives one a great amount of impetus in walking.

Previous to getting your limb, I had been wearing one with articulating joint at the ankle. I was forced to use two canes to assist me in walking; now I am able to walk with the greatest ease and comfort without canes. Sept. 6, 1904.

J. H. McFADZEN - Lawyer, New Brunswick, Canada. Above elbow.

The artificial arm I purchased from you while in New York, last May, has proved satisfactory. I find it of great assistance, very comfortable, and it has developed the muscles of my arm and side, got them back into their normal and healthy condition, and besides it is of great benefit to my appearance. I have very much pleasure indeed in recommending same, my only regret now is, that I had not purchased it sooner.

My amputation took place fifteen years ago, above the elbow. My profession is that of a barrister. On account of the mechanism of the rubber hand, I find no difficulty in holding papers, books, etc. I also find it very useful in driving a horse, carrying a valise, and in fact, were it not for the wearing of a glove, it would often be hard to detect the artificial from the real. As I am a bit of a sport, I often engage in lawn tennis, billiards, etc.

April 26, 1904.

* LEO. McFARLAND - Republic Co., Kas. Knee-bearing.

I have had my leg since last August, and must say that it is, and has been, giving entire satisfaction.

My leg is cut off about one inch below the knee, and for about two years I wore a slip socket leg, which did not do very well. I am now wearing your knee-bearing leg, and it is giving me no trouble whatever.

I will recommend your limb whenever I get a chance, and take pleasure in doing so. May 16, 1904.

DR. W. M. McGALLIARD - Ascension Co., La. Below knee.

The artificial leg made by you in 1902 has given perfect satisfaction for nearly two years, being lighter and simpler in construction than any other. April 29, 1904.

JAMES A. McDONALD - Westchester Co., N. Y. Both below knee.

Over twenty years ago I met with the misfortune of having both my legs crushed by the railroad cars, which necessitated amputation below the knees. I was then a mere lad, and did not fully realize the gravity of my misfortune.

By the advice of my surgeons and others, I placed myself under your care for restoration. Your reputation as the one most competent in the land had so impressed me that, from the first, I felt that I was soon to realize the most that skill and ingenuity could possibly do for me. In this I have not been disappointed, for your labors have restored me to my feet, and I am, for all practical purposes, myself again. I well remember how proud I was when your genius placed me in a position in which I could indulge in youthful sports, how I availed myself of every advantage, playing ball, boating, fishing, and hunting in summer, and skating in winter. I even went so far as to swing my partner, on several occasions, at rural dances. I have always felt that your artificial legs were wonders, and ought to be known throughout the land.

My latest fad is that of riding a bicycle. I found the task difficult at first, but I succeeded after repeated attempts, to ride well and to enjoy it.

* SAMUEL McKEE - Belfast, Ireland. Below knee.

The leg arrived some time about the latter end of June, 1875, and I have been wearing it ever since. I would like to get another just like it. The limb I have has a rubber foot for amputation below the knee. It is a pity you have not an agent here, for there is only one party in this city who makes artificial legs, and they are not to be compared with yours for durability, neatness and comfort.

* S. B. McKEE - Lawyer, Alameda Co., Cal. Both below knee.

I take great pleasure in testifying to the merits of your artificial limbs. I have used them for about eleven years.

They were fitted from measurements. I have worn them constantly without any trouble. I am by profession a lawyer.

Your legs are the best made.

* R. A. H. MacKEEN, M. D. - Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.

I am happy to say that having worn one of your legs for the last fourteen years, I feel convinced that no better can be made. I have been for quite a while in the company of people who never suspected that I was dependent on a "cork leg" (as they will call it) for support. The limb you furnished the boy, Daniel McLean, from measurements taken by me, has given good satisfaction, and he runs around with his playmates almost as if he had never met with a misfortune.

* NEIL A. McKENZIE - Miner, Nova Scotia. Below knee.

I had my foot amputated above the ankle when I was but four years old. Some years afterward I had a leg manufactured by you, from measurements. It fitted so well in every respect that when it became necessary to order another, I did not hesitate in ordering from you the second one. I am wearing the third leg now, and have worked in every capacity in a coal mine, from trapper boy to mine overman. I have also worked in the lumber woods, and as a sailor, my shipmates not knowing that I was minus a foot. Oct. 12, 1904.

* J. A. McKINZIE - Farmer, Comanche Co., Tex. Below knee.

In September, 1894, my left leg was amputated six inches below the knee. I was then thirteen years old, and am now twenty-three. I am still wearing your make, and would not have any other, for the reason your legs wear better, and are more comfortable to the wearer than any other. I am a farmer by occupation, can walk all day, plowing, or any other kind of work.

May 1, 1904.

R. W. McLATCHY - Collector, Westchester Co., N. Y. Above knee.

I lost my leg when but a child. I have only six inches of a stump, and thought I could never use an artificial leg. I went around on crutches for some years, but that got tiresome, and I bought a leg from a firm out in Canada, which proved a failure. I could not walk without a cane. About eight years ago I tried one of your legs, which was a great success. I am walking without a stick. In fact, I never use a cane, and walk at least ten miles a day. I am a collector, and that requires a lot of walking. I cannot say too much of your leg. It is strong, durable, and easy to walk on. May 10, 1904.


HLIN - Railway Employee, Australia. Ankle.

Your artificial leg, supplied through your Australian agents, Denyer Bros., came duly to hand. My amputation is at the ankle joint. I am employed by the Queensland Government in their Railway Department. In their service I lost my foot. After the stump had thoroughly healed, I procured an artificial one of the articulating ankle-joint type, which I wore for a short time, and soon discovered that it was utterly useless. I am a ticket checker, which means a lot of walking through the trains. I was advised by a surgeon here to try your make, which I find is much lighter than the first one I procured, and enables me to get about my duty to perfection. In fact, many people, that are not aware of my misfortune, cannot discern that I have lost my foot. In conclusion, I must thank you for conferring such a blessing upon suffering humanity like myself. June 9, 1904.

EDWARD A. MACKESEY - Weaver, Albany Co., N. Y. Instep.

I am very much pleased with my foot, and get along very good. I can walk without a lame step, and intend to get another in a very short time, so as to have a duplicate. Dec. 12, 1904.

* J. MADDEN - New Zealand. Below knee.

My leg was amputated below the knee on August 2, 1887. In the following March I got my first artificial leg with ankle joint, which I wore until April, 1891, when I got one of your celebrated artificial legs with rubber foot, which I am still wearing, now almost eleven years, on an average of sixteen hours a day. Five years in Auckland as watchman of the Customs building, and the remainder here on the Queen’s Wharf Customs Dept. During that time its expenses were nil, except a little for bushing the knee-bolts, whereas with the ankle-joint leg I was continually putting my hand in my pocket.

It would be only foolishness for me to try and explain or describe the benefits I have received, especially from the rubber foot.

No matter what you may hear regarding other makers, write to Mr. Marks for measurements and diagrams. Have them taken accordingly. Send for one of his celebrated artificial limbs. He can fit you just as well as if you were in his shop.

* A. E. MAGOFFIN - Druggist, Rice Co., Kas. Below knee.

I was a soldier of the Civil War when I was crippled in 1863, resulting in amputation of left leg below the knee. I immediately ordered a Marks’ leg, and have worn no other since. I get around very well, and have attended to my drug business for forty-eight years. The legs have given full satisfaction, and I have no desire to change for any other make.

April 28, 1904.

* CHARLES MADDOX - Sawyer, Stoddard Co., Mo. Below knee.

I have been wearing an artificial leg from your company for some time. My occupation is sawing in a stave mill. I get along very well. I have not lost a day on account of my leg. May 30, 1904.

DANIEL MAHONEY - Brakeman, New York City., N. Y. Instep.

I have used one of your artificial legs for the last ten years, and found it all right. My foot was taken off at the instep. In my position as a brakeman I can do my work without any trouble whatever.

From my experience in using your leg, I verify all you claim for it. May 7, 1904.

REV. E. L. MAINES - Clergyman, Wayne Co., N. Y. Below elbow.

A little more than a year ago I had my left arm amputated about five inches below the elbow. Two months and a half later I went to A. A. Marks’ establishment, in New York, to investigate their artificial limbs. I had been advised to get an all-willow hand, but thinking of the advantages of rubber over willow, I decided to personally investigate the matter, so made a special trip to the city. I am glad to say that so far I have found much comfort in wearing the Marks’ Rubber Hand. At first the stump and body were sensitive to the touch of the arm and strap, but I now wear it constantly with ease, and would do without it under no conditions. I am at present serving a country appointment in the Central N. Y. Conference of the M. E. Church, and I find the hand of great value in utility and appearance. May 4, 1905.

S. L. MANHART - Engineer, Rice Co., Minn. Wrist.

I am wearing one of your hands, and have been wearing it for three years, and hardly know how I could get along without it. Anyone wishing to purchase one can be referred to me. May 6, 1904.

WILLIAM MANN - Gardener, Montgomery Co., Pa.

I thought I would write and tell you how I am making out with my artificial arms. I can get along very nicely. I can eat all right, and can dig garden pretty well, and write this letter with the right rubber hand.

May 9, 1904.

EDWARD MARSHALL - New York City. Left leg below knee.

The Spanish-American War was remarkable less for its loss in killed and wounded than for its loss from disease in camp, etc. Yet a number of most astonishing wounds have been placed to its credit or debit in medical histories and reviews. For instance, in one case, a soldier-one of the Rough Riders-was shot in the middle of the outside of the left thigh. The wound of exit was in the middle of the right thigh. The natural supposition of the doctors was that the ball had penetrated both legs. An examination showed them, however, that this was not the case. The ball had entered the left thigh about midway between the knee and the hip. It had gone upward, and then across, through the lower abdomen, and finally downward to a point in the right thigh, almost exactly opposite to the point where it entered the left thigh, and passed out. Just what influenced the ball to take this course is one of those mysteries that puzzle the doctors.

The Spanish-American War was the first conflict in which small caliber bullets of great velocity were used by both sides. In the Civil War a wound in the lung from a Minie ball was almost certain to prove fatal. In the Spanish-American War with their new small caliber, high velocity Mauser and Krag-Jorgensen bullets, scarcely a single fatality came from a wound in the lungs.

Perhaps as remarkable a case as occurred during the entire war was that of Edward Marshall. Marshall was not a soldier, but a newspaper correspondent; yet, the story of his misfortune and suffering is probably as widely known as that of any soldier in the army.

He was one of the only two correspondents present at the battle of Las Guasimas, the first important land fight in which the army took part. It will be remembered that only the marines-the military branch of the navy-were engaged at Guantanamo. Marshall had landed at Daiquiri with the troops the day before the march to the front began, and learned that the Rough Riders were likely to be engaged in battle on the twenty-fourth of June. He marched the nineteen and a half miles through the jungle to Siboney with the famous regiment which is so closely identified with the name of President Theodore Roosevelt, reaching that strange little collection of Cuban shanties late at night. The next morning at four o’clock he started to the battlefield with the regiment with which he had cast his lot. It was a fearful climb over the precipitous hills and along the narrow jungle trails. How cleverly the Spaniards had gauged the route over which the men must go, and what a baptism of blood awaited them at the end of that last trail, are now matters of history-history whose punctuation marks are more than thirty graves in the National Cemetery at Arlington.

When Marshall started out on that march he was as strong a man physically as ever had toiled along under a broiling tropical sun. While many trained soldiers fell by the way, Marshall, a newspaper man, carrying a burden of equipment, cameras, etc., probably much heavier than the kit borne by any soldier, stood the heat almost without discomfort. Because of his business of news-gathering he had many times to visit other regiments marching in the same direction, and to continually double back and forth among the Rough Riders. So he probably covered at least a fourth more ground that afternoon and night and the following morning than any unmounted soldier in the army. When the regiment reached Las Guasimas he was not the least fatigued. After the regiment had reached the field of battle and he had been for an hour at work along the firing line and among the dead and wounded scattered about the field, he still felt no need of rest. But his activity ceased just before the battle ended. In the advance on the old Spanish distillery which was the temporary headquarters of the Spanish army, a Mauser bullet hit him in the spine. He fell instantly to the ground. In describing the sensation of being shot, and his later sufferings, we will use Marshall’s own words:

"There was no pain as the bullet entered my body. I knew that I had been hit, because I had fallen, and because I had no power to move any part of my body. Legs, arms, fingers, toes-every member was wholly without the possibility of voluntary motion, except my eyes. I was completely paralyzed. The actual sensation of being hit was not a very different one from the sensation that I many times knew as a boy, when in a game I was struck by a baseball.

"I am told that while four regulars were carrying me off the battlefield many hours later, convulsions seized me from time to time, but I have no memory of any pain whatever until after they had placed me on the hospital ship Olivette. Then I suffered, and suffered severely. The bullet had hit me in the fifth lumbar vertebra, which is near the base of the spine. If I had been marked for a target the Spaniard who shot me could not have had a chance of striking a more important nerve-center than the one which his bullet found. I have no idea, however, that the man ever saw me, much less took aim at me; for if the bullet had come from close range it would undoubtedly have passed completely through my body and killed me then and there. As it was, it struck this vertebra, and shattered it, passing upward (having been deflected by the bone) and then struck me again between the shoulders. Here again the bone changed its course and the bullet turned downward, finally lodging in the right kidney, where it remains to-day."

After a marvelous operation by the much-maligned army surgeons on board the Olivette, Marshall was taken to New York four or five weeks later. That he reached there alive was the marvel of physicians and surgeons in all sections of the United States and Europe, and was the topic of many articles in medical journals. For seven months he lay in St. Luke’s Hospital, New York, completely paralyzed below the knees and partially affected above. Gradually, however, all signs of paralysis left him above the knees. Still, his doctors held out no hope that he would ever be able to walk. When he finally left the hospital it was necessary for him to be carried by two attendants. This state of almost complete helplessness lasted for a long time. His right leg regained some of its strength, but the nerves controlling the front muscles of the lower left leg (the tibialis anticus) were completely dead. Their support of vitality had been completely cut off by the bullet which came so near ending Marshall’s life. This made it impossible for him to keep his foot from drooping or falling down. His right leg finally recovered sufficiently so that he could essay a few steps on crutches, but the dragging of the left foot made it impossible for him to do more than a few steps at a time.

Among the artists who contributed pictures to Mr. Marshall’s book on the Spanish-American War was W. Frazee Strunz, well known as an illustrator. Mr. Strunz and Mr. Marshall had been associated in their professions for many years. Mr. Marshall, however did not know that his friend and co-worker had ever met with an accident. He spoke to Strunz one night about the possibility of having that troublesome left foot amputated.

"If you do that," said Strunz, "we shall be in the same class."

"What do you mean by that?" inquired Marshall, who knew that Strunz had been celebrated as a baseball player and sprinter among the athletic set in the Quartier Latin, in Paris, when he was there as an art student, and who was familiar with the man’s intense physical activity in New York. This activity went so far as climbing scene painters’ scaffoldings, when he was engaged in scenic work, a dozen times a day; in running up and downstairs to a studio located on the fifth floor of a building without an elevator, in long walks and in sprinting races.

"Why, didn’t you know I had a wooden leg?" Strunz asked.

Marshall scarcely believed him until he proved his statement by showing the artificial limb. Strunz had had his limb cut off in a railway accident when he was a child of eight. The conversation ended in Marshall’s decision to see the people who had succeeded in giving his friend so perfect a substitute for a lost leg, on which he could walk without limping, run, and climb stairs and ladders with ease.

The firm which had supplied Strunz with his artificial leg was A. A. Marks, of 701 Broadway, New York, whose place of business was not very far from where Marshall lived. A telephone message brought Mr. Marks himself around to Mr. Marshall’s house the next morning. Upon examination, Mr. Marks found that there was no immediate necessity for amputation. Marshall’s only anxiety for an amputation was that he was impeded in walking on account of the foot drooping so inconveniently. After a moment’s thought Mr. Marks said he believed he could devise a scheme that would enable Mr. Marshall to walk, even if he could not properly hold up his toes.

"I shall put your foot in a sling," he said.

He did so.

He made an ingenious contrivance of straps and loops which were put on in such a way as to hold the front of the foot at the proper angle.

From that moment it became possible for Mr. Marshall to resume newspaper work. The fact that his legs were paralyzed of course made it necessary for him to use crutches, but still-he got around very conveniently. How well this contrivance served him is shown by the fact that he was enabled by it to travel with no other companions than his secretary, whom he would have taken with him in any event. He dispensed with the services of the strong valet whom his drooping foot had for months made necessary. He went nearly all over the United States on a lecturing tour and in the pursuit of his professional duties, and, in May, less than a year after he had been so terribly wounded, this broken-backed journalist sailed across the ocean and acted as the representative of the S. S. McClure Literary Syndicate at the Hague Peace Conference. His physical capacity to get around in this manner he was always willing to acknowledge was due to Mr. Marks’ happy thought of "putting his foot in a sling."

After Mr. Marshall’s return to America the condition of his left leg became steadily worse, and finally, after gangrene had set in and had done its deadly work, amputation of the leg at about the calf was performed. The tissues of the stump were, of course, paralyzed, and the doctors said they did not believe Mr. Marshall would be able to wear an artificial leg in less than a year. Indeed, it was predicted that he would be in the hospital for at least three months as the result of the complication. The same vitality which had enabled him to live through his terrible Cuban experience, pulled him through again, and he returned to his desk at the offices of the S. S. McClure Company within three weeks. Not more than six weeks later Mr. Marshall stopped in to see Mr. Marks, the man who had "put his foot in a sling." Mr. Marks thoroughly understood the fact that to put an artificial leg on a paralyzed stump is a ticklish thing to do, for the paralyzed tissues, being without sensation, give no warning to their owner if injury occurred to the stump. He volunteered the belief, however, that he could make an artificial limb which should be so carefully adjusted and fitting so perfectly that there could be no possibility of injury. After consultation, Dr. Cyrus Edson, who was Mr. Marshall’s physician, advised a trial.

It took Mr. Marks exactly one week to complete the artificial limb. Marshall tried it and found it to fit perfectly. Again he was able to go about. Again he was able to get along without the arms of an attendant always at his shoulders. It must be understood that the partially paralyzed condition of his other, or right leg, had made it impossible for him to walk with two crutches after the amputation. He had used a crutch on his left side, but he had to be supported by an attendant on his right side.

Since the day that Mr. Marshall put on his artificial leg, no man has been more actively engaged in journalistic work-and certainly no field of human endeavor requires greater physical activity. He became Sunday editor of the New York Herald in a few weeks, and has, since leaving that post, engaged in many enterprises involving much traveling and physical activity.

Following is a letter which he wrote Mr. Marks not long ago without solicitation:

My Dear Mr. Marks:

I am going away for a time and shall need some supplies. I cannot tell you what a comfort that artificial limb has been to me. You know that my right leg is still paralyzed from the knee down, and that it is still somewhat beyond my control. Such is not the case, however, with the leg made by you. I can handle it almost as well as I handle the one God made for me, and I am afraid that I make it do far more than its fair share of work. Sometimes I almost wish that it may be necessary to amputate the right leg, as I can certainly handle the left one much better than I can the one which is still flesh and blood. Very sincerely yours,


The difficulties that were present in Mr. Marshall’s case were the partial paralysis of the motor nerves and the total paralysis of the sensory nerves, resulting in the absence of sensation in the stump and a complication of infirmities in the opposite leg.

The artificial leg made for him was constructed upon the model of Cut E 17, illustrated above. This model has a rubber foot and is suitable for short and long stumps, as well as those of medium length, as shown in the accompanying cuts.

* CALVIN MARSHALL - Carpenter, Lamar Co., Tex. Below elbow.

I take pleasure in testifying to the satisfaction I have derived from your artificial arm with rubber hand, my arm being amputated about midway between the wrist and elbow.

I am a carpenter, and can do as much work as ever. Can use my planes and drawing knife to perfection. Feb. 1, 1902.

C. S. MARSHALL, M. D. - Nova Scotia, Canada.

I thoroughly believe the Marks’ make of limbs with rubber hands and feet is superior to any other make.

The leg purchased by me for Miss Aggie Holland is giving good satisfaction. I can heartily recommend the Marks’ make of artificial limbs.

J. W. MARSHALL - Office Work, Lauderdale Co., Miss. Below knee.

I have worn one of your artificial legs nearly five years and find it gives satisfaction in every particular. I lost my leg in May, 1899, amputation six inches below the knee which left my limb very sensitive in front but this sensitive place is fully protected by your leg. I would not wear any other leg. My position is that of check clerk and this keeps me on my feet from morning till night. May 4, 1904.

* E. T. MARTIN - Chile, S. A. Below knee.

The fit is perfect and my son is able to use the leg with the greatest comfort.

My son begs me to tender you his most earnest and heartfelt thanks for the blessing that you have been the means of rendering to him.

* ELIAS W. MARTIN - Harness Maker, Lancaster Co., Pa.

I have been wearing an artificial leg for the past six years. First I used a cheap one. That was not very satisfactory and people would hear me coming a mile away. I then bought from two other houses but both were unsatisfactory. In 1903 I got a leg from you and must say that I like this one better than all the rest together. I am a sound boy again, and a harness maker by trade. May, 1904.

H. R. MARTIN - Attorney, Wayne Co., Mich. Above elbow.

The artificial arm you made for me last November has given entire satisfaction. I have worn it every day since I received it, and it has caused me no discomfort whatever. The mental comfort and satisfaction which I feel in wearing it, amply justifies me in advising others to procure an artificial arm without delay from A. A. Marks. May 21, 1904.

* JESSE MARTIN - Farmer, Age 72, Richland Co., Ohio.

I am now wearing my second artificial limb of your make, it gives perfect satisfaction for strength, durability, action and utility, the same as the first one. May 3, 1904.

J. S. MARTIN, M. D. - Union Co., N. J. Both below knees.

Having for the last eleven years used in my practice Marks’ Patent Artificial Limbs, with India-rubber attachments, I feel it my privilege as well as duty to acknowledge my favorable appreciation of them.

Several of the cases have been under my daily observation, while in pursuance of their various avocations, the majority being employees of the Central Railroad of New Jersey, with which I have been a long time connected as surgeon. I will only mention a single case, that of Patrick Liddy, of this place, who was supplied with a pair of legs, and he does a considerable amount of walking, and usually without a cane, regarding it as an incumbrance.

I may, if desired, by consent of the parties, refer to others having lost one leg who succeed in their natural desire to escape observation; another remark is due, that the India-rubber foot does not produce that wooden-leg sound so often noticed on the street from less modern appliances. I have not yet heard a patient express dissatisfaction, and feel well sustained by experience in giving this approval.

* JOSE DE LA LUZ MARIN - Tailor, Mexico. Below knee.

The artificial leg you made for me has been very successful, as I walk with almost the same security as I did with the natural one.

I am a tailor by occupation and take the measurements of persons whose clothes I make with every ease and no discomfort whatever, as I make all the movements necessary with the artificial leg. I am very much pleased with it and recommend everyone who, like myself, has had the misfortune to be crippled to procure the limbs they require of you. - Translated from Spanish.

FRANK I. MASON - Traveling-man, Polk Co., Iowa. Below knee.

I have been wearing one of your artificial limbs for two years, and it has given entire satisfaction. My amputation is six inches below knee and my stump is in good condition. May 16, 1904.

CAMPO E. MATEUS - Student, Hampden Co., Mass. Above knee.

Having had the misfortune to lose a leg during the last civil war in Colombia, S. A., I have been using one of your artificial legs for one year. Indeed I will tell you that I am very much pleased with it. I am studying in Mr. Pitkin’s school of languages, Springfield, Mass., and I walk and play with the boys the same as before I lost the leg. I walk without cane because I don’t need it. I have written to some of my friends who have lost legs in the same war, recommending your house as the best. May 6, 1904.

L. J. MATSON - Livery, Sumner Co., Kansas. Above knee.

My leg is amputated above the knee. In 1896 I went to your office and got one of your legs and was well satisfied with it.

I wore it six years, and in the fall of 1902 I went to your office and got another leg and am more than pleased with it, it is better if possible than the first. I am in the livery and feed business and get around and handle horses all right. Your limbs can’t be praised too highly. May 20, 1904.

* MR. L. MAUER - Judge, Germany. Above knee.

While at the University from 1870-1872, I suffered the amputation of my left thigh, the nerves and end of bone were insufficiently covered. Until 1894 I used the product of a local firm, which was made of leather and steel, weighing some six kilograms, with knee and ankle joints. The weight and clumsiness of this machine made it a heavy burden. This annoyance was ended by your leg. I received two from 1894-1896, which I hope to use for many years. I have never seen a better limb. The simplicity and durability of its construction recommend your limb and I repeat my sincere thanks to you. - Translated from German. May 3, 1904.

* MISS GRACE MAYNARD - Worcester Co., Mass. Ankle joint.

The leg I got from you is all right. I have used it since 1896. Mine is an ankle-joint amputation, my work is on a farm raising vegetables which requires me to be on my feet all the time. I can get around as well as those that have their own feet and without walking lame. People that don’t know of my accident won’t believe I wear an artificial limb. May 7, 1904.

* JOSEPH MAYO - Well Digger, Goochland Co., Va. Above knee.

The artificial leg I bought of A. A. Marks is and has been very satisfactory, and I feel that I could not do without it. I would not take a thousand dollars for the leg if I could not get another of your make.

June 12, 1904.

EDMUND MAZUREK - Coal Dealer, Queens Co., N. Y. Below knee.

My leg was amputated below the knee. I got my leg in 1897 of you, and I feel very well satisfied. I work every day on the wagon. The new one is better than the old one, and the old one was as good as anyone ought to ask for. May 19, 1904.

* JOHN MEIGS - Coal Miner, Choctaw Nation, Indian Territory.

The artificial limb you furnished me sometime ago I am well pleased with, it has given perfect satisfaction, it hasn’t caused me any trouble whatever. My right arm was amputated in May, 1902, about eight inches below the elbow. My occupation is a coal miner. I don’t know what in the world I could do if I didn’t have this artificial arm. I have done work that I never thought I could do. I dig coal with men who have both hands and I draw as much as they do. I find that it is a help to me in all my undertakings. May 5, 1904.

* TONY MELETALLO - Chautauqua Co., N. Y. Above elbow.

I am well pleased with artificial arm. It fits nicely, works easily, and I can use it to advantage. May 10, 1904.

* M. G. MELL - Grain Dealer, Woods Co., Okla. Ankle joint.

I don’t know how to express my gratitude to you for the good you have done me in making my artificial foot. A foot without fault.

I am in the grain and live stock business and can get around and do anything that a person can do who has both feet.

I have lived in this town over two years and very few know that I wear an artificial foot. My testimonial cannot be too strong in recommending the A. A. Marks’ artificial feet. May 5, 1904.

* U. E. MAST - Druggist, Lagrange Co., Indiana. Below knee.

I purchased my first artificial leg from you about thirteen years ago and wore it every day for twelve years. My only expense in that time for repairs was $1.88. In January, 1903, I purchased my second limb of you which I have worn every day since without one cent of repairs or expense. My business is druggist and jeweler and I do a great deal of walking. I can easily carry two large pails of water up or downstairs, spade my garden, split wood, climb a ladder, carrying fifty pounds on my shoulder. In fact I can do nearly any kind of work. The Marks’ limb is the best I have ever seen.

May 18, 1904.

J. W. MERSHON - Undertaker, Lackawanna Co., Pa. Below knee.

The leg I got of you eighteen months ago is all right. I never have any trouble with it. I have worn your legs for thirty-five years and always with comfort and satisfaction. I wore one ten years with no repairs to speak of. I have worked ten hours a day for years making furniture and undertaking. Marks’ leg is the best in the world. May 14, 1904.

J. W. METCALF, M. D. - Brooklyn, N. Y.

Refer to me as to the merits of the Marks’ limbs.

MRS. F. J. MICHAUD - Quebec. Shortened leg.

My daughter, when a child, was afflicted with a hip-joint disease which left one leg shorter than the other.

The shoe which you arranged for her has made walking much easier and less tiresome. She walks with scarcely a perceptible limp.

A. MICHELSON - Contractor, New York, N. Y. Below knee.

The limb you made for me answers in a very satisfactory manner. My business as contracting yacht and steamship painter necessitates my doing considerable running about, and climbing aboard vessels of various heights, also in and out, and up and down drydocks, marine railways, and pontoons, which are usually covered with slime, making it very slippery.

My customers, which largely consist of the wealthy merchants, bankers, and prominent men, often comment on how I use the limb to advantage. May 5, 1904.

B. J. MILAM, M. D. - Macon Co., Mo.

The artificial leg you made for Mrs. Geiselman in June, 1894, has done her good service. She wears the leg every day, and does all her own housework. She says she would not take $1,000 and do without it. She is well pleased in every respect.

* N. MILDENSTEIN - Lubeck, Germany. Below elbow.

In regard to the artificial hand I got of you nine years ago, I can say it exceeds my expectations.

If I were compelled to work for my living the rubber hand would be of great use in any occupation. I recommend the rubber limbs to anyone who has had the misfortune to become crippled.

A. MILLER - Machinist, Oneida, Co., N. Y. Below knee.

Several years ago my foot was amputated just above the ankle. I tried different limbs with ankle movement, and found them unsatisfactory. Have worn one of your artificial limbs for eight years, and am still wearing it with comfort and satisfaction. My occupation is one in which I am obliged to do a great deal of walking. June 3, 1904.

* FRANK MILLER - Driver, Cook Co., Ill. Above knee.

I had my leg amputated in 1883 on account of disease. In September, 1891, I ordered an artificial leg from you, you made it from measurement I had made at home and sent to you. The leg was received promptly, and fitted acceptably, I wore it continuously for twelve years, during which time it did a great amount of hard work, and I walked long distances. I was so well pleased with the leg that in April, 1903, I ordered another of you, which I am now wearing in the most satisfactory way. June 4, 1904.

* LON MILLER - Ohio Co., Ky. Son Guy, age 12. Below knee.

My son has been wearing an artificial foot of your make since August, 1901. It has given perfect satisfaction, and a great many people can’t tell he has an artificial foot. He wears short pants yet. We are glad we got one of your make. July 17, 1904.

LOUIS MINET - New York City, N. Y. Ankle.

I am very well pleased with the foot I got from you for my son, Willie, when six years old, and find it very complete and satisfactory. The boy enjoys play with it like the rest of the boys.

* PEROSHAW B. R. MODY - Manager, India. Below elbow.

It affords me great pleasure to add my testimonial to the long list you already have.

In June, 1902, I had the misfortune to lose my left arm three inches below the elbow, on account of blood poisoning. Shortly after I forwarded to you the measurements for one of your artificial arms, which arrived in due time, and which I am wearing regularly since, and am glad to say has given me great comfort and satisfaction.

My occupation is that of manager of a joint stock company, and I find the arm a great help in my duties. Oct. 12, 1904.

GEORGE MOEHN - Plumber, Brooklyn, N. Y. Above knee.

In the year 1901 I fractured my leg, and had it amputated. I have two friends with Marks’ legs who surprised me by their good walking. This caused me to have Marks make me one, five weeks after the amputation. I am satisfied that I could not have done better. My stump is only six inches long, and my friends are surprised when they see me walking along the streets. May 5, 1904.

* LOUIS MOHLFELDT - Farmer, Lewis Co., Mo. Above knee.

I desire to state that your artificial limbs are what they are represented. Have had two of them, and consider them the best. Would recommend anyone wishing a limb to use yours. May 17, 1904.

* LAWRENCE A. MOLTANE - Bookkeeper, El Paso Co., Tex. Ankle.

My artificial limb is giving every satisfaction that could possibly be obtained from an artificial limb. I am taking dancing lessons, and my teacher thinks I am making great progress. May 24, 1905.

* RIGOBERTO A. MONDACA - Chile. Below knee.

I have used your leg, and it gives me great pleasure to inform you that it was a great success from the first moment. I have been able to walk, run, and mount a horse with the greatest ease. I therefore tender you my thanks for the great success in my case. Your artificial leg enables me to transact all my business without feeling the loss of my natural limb.

JOHN MATTHEWS - Street Sweeper, Westchester Co., N. Y.

I bought an artificial leg of you in 1866, I wore the same until 1888, then I obtained a new one which I am now wearing. Two artificial limbs in forty years with practically no repairs, certainly reflects credit to the work that you do. I have always been a general utility man, have scraped the streets, shoveled, used a pickax, blasted rock, and carried articles of heavy weight, in fact have always been occupied with a kind of work that would put the artificial limb to the severest tests. You are at liberty to refer to me. April 11, 1905.

* ARTHUR MOORE - Tinsmith, New Zealand. Below knee.

The leg I received from you is giving me great satisfaction. It is amputated below the knee. I find I can get about well, I walk two miles every morning and return at night. I go out at night without feeling the least exhaustion. I am a tinsmith by trade, and work without trouble.

June 8, 1904.

* FRANCIS M. MOORE - Farmer, Ford Co., Kas. Above knee.

On the 18th of last September I received the artificial leg that I ordered from measurements, to take the place of the limb I lost on account of varicose veins in 1889, you will thus see that fourteen years elapsed since the amputation and the application of an artificial leg. I get around very well, my only regret is that I did not get the leg long before. Going about so many years on crutches got me into habits, and a peculiar way of carrying my stump that has occasioned me some little trouble, which, however, is disappearing gradually. If I had obtained my leg six months after the amputation I am sure I would to-day be walking as well as any person in possession of their natural legs. As it is, I would not take any thing for the artificial leg, it is a source of great comfort, relief, and help to me. May 17, 1904.

GLENN DE LLOYD MOORE - Railroad, Montgomery Co., Pa.

I suffered the loss of my leg on Nov. 13, 1900, while employed on the Pennsylvania R. R., and after recovering I obtained an artificial leg with movable ankle joint.

The great trouble with it was the necessity of constantly having the spring renewed and joint oiled, and frequently taken apart and overhauled. There is also a constant jar and metallic clash, sounding something like a locomotive running with the side connections loose, this was very unpleasant to say the least. In your leg this is entirely obviated.

I frequently ride on engines and freight cars, at times assisting in firing, and I have no hesitation in getting on and off while the trains are moving.

With your leg I have no difficulty in walking over unknown ground at night. With the movable wooden foot a person has not this confidence, as there exists a condition approaching that of locomotor ataxia, namely, the lack of control of the foot by the power of the will, which is not felt in the leg possessing the rubber foot. May 20, 1904.

* HUGH MORAN - Locomotive Engineer, Chester Co., Pa. Instep.

The artificial foot you made for me one year ago has given perfect satisfaction, and also the one your made previous, which I wore ten years. My occupation is a locomotive engineer, I work from ten to fifteen hours a day, and am on my feet all that time, and think nothing of walking several miles after my day’s work. I have been out walking with young men with sound limbs, and they would tell me not to walk so fast. I have worked with men for months who never knew there was anything wrong with my foot. I think the Marks’ limb one of the greatest boons to unfortunate humanity that exists. May 17, 1904.

* FRANCISCO SOLERNO MOREIRA - Soldier, Brazil. Below knee.

In 1897, as ensign of the 39th battalion of infantry of the Invincible Brazilian Army, composed of heroes and giants, I received a bullet wound in the joint of my right foot in battle, which necessitated the amputation of the leg a little below the knee. I had no thought or hope of a further military career. I graduated from the military school of Ocara, with every promise of a successful and brilliant career, but alas, the injury I received in the battle shattered my hopes, and left me almost without ambition. In my most bitter moments of depression, I chanced to get possession of your descriptive catalogue. After looking it over very carefully, I procured from you an artificial leg. I have had it now five years. I walk with such perfection that only my most intimate friends, those who are acquainted with my affliction, know that one of my limbs is artificial. My good friend and illustrious benafactor of suffering humanity, accept my thanks for the perfection of the apparatus you have given me, which has permitted me to resume the military duties which I so love. Of the various limbs which I have seen, French, German, and English, those of your make are the most perfect. - Translated from Portuguese. July 10, 1904.

Comment from follow-up survey
Thanks so much for the brace it really decreases the pain!